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Last updateMon, 18 Aug 2014 6am

Historical Background

Western Equatoria state was curved out of Equatoria region after the signing of the CPA in January, 9th, 2005. By then WES was composed of five counties of Maridi, Mundri, Ezo, Tambura, and Yambio that were later subdivided into the present ten counties. It Covers an area of Seventy nine thousand three hundred and forty three  Square Kilo meters , (79,343)sq km.

The present seat of the state was formerly the seat for Yambio district, which later became the seat of Western Equatoria province and currently the seat of Western Equatoria State. The present Yambio was originally called "Berekewe’’ but changed to Yambio named after last King of Azande tribe. King Yambio whose original name was "Gbudue’’ born in the 18century in present Ezo county. When King Gbudue crossed river Lingsay on a stream called Yombi on his way to present yambio, people started saying that he(the king) came from Yombi; hence the name Yambio to mean he who came from yombi. This changed his name to King Yambio and after his death; he was buried in the present Yambio town where his grave still exists.

Location & Climate

 
Latitude Longitude Altitude Distance from Juba (by main road) Borders with Climate
4degrees North 28degrees East 640 meters above sea level 388 Km Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo to the west (with the counties of Tambura and Ezo)
Western Bahar El Gazal State in the northwest
Lakes State in the North
Central Equatoria State in the East
tropical climate with good cultivation soils in most parts of the south and 
savannah lands with sandy and stony soils in the north parts

Culture and religion

 
Main Original Tribes Ethnic Groups/Clans Religions Traditional Belief
Bantu and Nilotics (Majority, Bantu tribe of the Azande people) Zande(majority in number)
Moru 
Balanda
Baka
Avukaya
Mundu
Bongo
Murukodo
Jurbel
The state has all religious denominations that enjoy freedom of worship; the majority being Christians.
The church is involved in mobilization of believers for social transformation, education, agriculture, public health and small scale projects to communities.
Azande believe in ‘Bati’ meaning ‘god that gave food for their fields

Political and Administrative Structure

The on-going development of a democratic and responsive system of local government in Southern Sudan has been underway since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005. The Interim Constitution of Western Equatoria State, which was approved and signed on the 2nd day of July 2008.

The state government type is federal system of government and is headed by politically appointed governor with a state Assembly as the Legislative arm of government. The functioning of the state is through ministries each being headed by a minister appointed by the governor.

County local governments are politically headed by Appointed Commissioners with Executive Directors as the head of the civil administrations. Each County is divided into payams and every payam into bomas; each county is headed by a Commissioner, the Payams by a Payam Administrator, and bomas by a boma Administrator.

State Ministries
There are 12 State Line Ministers of; 1) Health; 2) Education; 3) Agriculture; 4) Local Government; 5) Social Development; 6) Physical Infrastructure; 7) Information and Communication;  8) Finance and Economic Planning; 9) Parliament affairs; 10) youth and Sports; 11) Commerce and Trade; and 12) Social Development and Welfare. The governor is further supported by six advisors of I) Political Affairs; ii) Economic Affairs; iii) Gender and HIV/AIDS; IV) Security; v) Agriculture; and VI) Local Government.

The State Executive body 
The State Council of Ministers consisting of the Governor, Deputy Governor and Ministers of the state, is the executive body of the state.

The legislative body 
The State Legislative Assembly consists of members directly elected to represent territorial constituencies, is headed by the Speaker.

The Judiciary of the State 
The Judiciary of the state independent of the executive and the legislature, shall be Establishment and Structured as follows:

  1. High Court
  2. County Courts
  3. Payam Courts
  4. Other courts and tribunals as deemed necessary

The Governor shall establish State Judicial Service Committee consisting of:

  1. the president of the High Court;
  2. the Minister of the State in charge of legal affairs; and
  3. a member of the Bar Association in the State.

Counties, Payams and Bomas of the State

The State comprises the 10 counties of Yambio, Nzara, Nagero, Mvolo, Ibba, Maridi, Mundri East, Mundri West, Tambura and Ezo.

 
County Bordering With Payams Number of Bomas
Yambio Ibba
Nzara
Lakes State
Democratic Republic of the Congo
5 Payams:
Yambio
Gangura
Li-Rongu
Nadiangere
Bangasu
31
Nzara Yambio
Ezo
5 Payams:
Nzara
Sakkure
Sangwa
Basukangbi
Ringas
18
Nagero Tambura
the state of Western Bahar El Gazal
Central African Republic
5 Payams:
Nagero
Maringindo
Diayango
Zamoi
Bandala
Mvolo Maridi
Mundri West
Mundri East
Terekeka
Yirol West
Lakes state in the East
7 Payams: 
Mvolo
Kokori
Bargrindi
Lessi
Dar
Yer
Bogeri
23
Ibba Maridi
Yambio
Cauebet/Tonji
the Democratic Republic of the Congo
5 Payams: 
Ibba
Madebe
Nabanga
Manikakara
Maruko
14
Maridi Ibba
Mundri West
Mvolo
Yei
5 Payams: 
Maridi
Mambe
Kozi
Landili
Ngamunde
17
Mundri East Terekeka
Juba
Mundri West
5 Payams: 
Kediba
Lakamadi
Witto
Minga
Lozo
18
Mundri West Mundri East
Maridi
Yei
Lainya
4 Payams: 
Mundri
Kotobi
Amadi
Bangolo
14
Tambura Ezo
Nagero
Bar el-Gazal
4 Payams: 
Tambura
Namutina
Pupoi
Yuba
19
Ezo Ibba
Nzara
Lakes State
the Democratic Republic of the Congo
6 Payams: 
Ezo
Anderi
Naandi
Yangiri
Bagidi
Bariguna
26

Population distribution

 
County Population Remarks
Yambio No provisional figures Not available
Nzara 249,412 Estimate January, 2007.
Nagero 120,000 Estimate January, 2007.
Mvolo No provisional figures Not available
Ibba 68,663 Estimated January, 2007.
Maridi 275,945 Estimated January, 2007.
Mundri East 71,038 Estimated January, 2007.
Mundri West 287,792 Estimated January, 2007.
Tambura 222,417 Estimate January, 2007.
Ezo 175,358 Estimate January, 2007.
TOTAL Over 1,470,625 people.  

Source: CRS-2007 County Mapping.

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